Nice advantages and plenty of challenges


Colombia is a strategic companion of the USA, nevertheless, the sixth anniversary of the FTA between each nations is well known amid protectionist airs. (File)

This Might 15 marks six years for the reason that entry into drive of the Free Commerce Settlement (FTA) between Colombia and the USA. Analysts and businessmen acknowledge that the trade agreement has been favorable and spotlight that a lot stays to be executed.

Has the settlement been optimistic?

Colombia is a strategic companion of the USA, nevertheless, the sixth anniversary of the FTA between the 2 nations is well known within the midst of protectionist airs equivalent to Donald Trump's messages on tariffs for metal and different metals, PanAm Publish economist Luis Alberto Rodríguez,

. Colombia the FTA meant altering imports from Canada, Argentina and different nations to some from the US with tariff preferences. Likewise, the variety of merchandise within the export basket was elevated to that nation, which is our principal buying and selling companion, with nearly 30% of our exports. "

There are two varieties of limitations: tariff limitations – import taxes – that they are often eliminated by the TLC; and non-tariff-technical constraints equivalent to high quality requirements or sanitary and phytosanitary measures- that may hinder commerce between nations.

On this sense, the FTA is a state of affairs that facilitates compliance with these rules and permits to maneuver ahead in a quicker technique to meet market necessities, Rodríguez stated.

For his half, economist Jorge Arturo Saza stated that one level of the stability sheet of the commerce settlement is that the primary rivals of Colombia ] within the area are nations which have FTA with the USA.

"Chile, Peru, Panama and Mexico are nations which have any such treaties and Colombia what they’re doing is competing with them and getting in tune. So, if Colombia had not taken such choices, then frankly it might be in a deprived place, "he stated.

He added," the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Tourism of Colombia (MinCIT) has launched some statistics on the difficulty revealing the expansion of non-mining vitality exports. In the identical means, the variety of nationwide merchandise which have entered the USA, a determine that till 2017 represented not less than 350 new merchandise. And one other difficulty is the one which has to do with the variety of new corporations that export for the primary time to that nation, because of the advantages that exist for the FTA, represented in additional than 6 thousand new corporations in that market, "he defined. 19659003] Greater than 60% of entrepreneurs welcome the FTA

The FTAs ​​are agreements between nations or teams of nations to scale back limitations to entry of merchandise to their territories and thus encourage bilateral commerce. So the commerce settlement with the USA has meant a qualitative leap within the stability of enterprise with Colombia

The Chamber of Commerce Colombo Americana, (AmCham) carried out a survey of notion amongst Colombian businessmen following the achievement of the six years of the FTA with the North American nation. Among the many respondents, 62.three% of exporters indicated that the treaty has had a optimistic affect on the operation of their corporations; 30.four% take into account the consequences on their operations as irrelevant and a couple of.three% take into account that the FTA has been detrimental to their operations.

Along with this, entrepreneurs with international capital of their firm had been requested, who answered for this case that 63.6% take into account that the treaty has been favorable, whereas 27.three% estimate that it has not had a larger impact and four.6% that the FTA has been destructive for his or her operations.

The director AmCham Colombia María Claudia Lacouture, pressured that when the FTA got here into drive, worldwide commerce was in a recession state of affairs, with a drop in oil costs that turned a discount of worldwide purchases and certainly, deceleration of imports by the US.

He additionally indicated that the commerce stability between each nations is optimistic, nevertheless, there are pending challenges.

"We’ve to say that the settlement ercial has managed to scale back the mining-energy dependence, since these days we go from having a non-mining export basket of 15% to 38%. Moreover, a aggressive provide chain is being generated as a result of 70% of the merchandise imported into Colombia from the USA will not be produced within the nation and are used largely for manufacturing processes, "he stated.

The FTA in figures

The expansion of exports confirmed that within the nation there are new export corporations projected in a development of 22%, which implies that the entire of the businesses which might be exporting from Colombia to the USA are three,782, and there are 1,895 merchandise, with a 13 % of development.

"One of many principal achievements of the FTA with the US was that it allowed Colombia to diversify its exportable provide. For instance, exports of fruits aside from bananas in 2017 reached a worth thrice larger than that registered in 2012. "

"The FTA has opened the doorways to new merchandise. Proof of that is that whereas in 2012 non-mining vitality exports represented 15% of whole exports, in 2017 their proportion of participation was 38%. "

Nonetheless, he recalled that the bilateral business relationship has weighed extra for the mining-energy merchandise that by the elimination processes derived from the FTA and that the nationwide productive base requires larger competitiveness and productiveness.

Collectively the espresso and its derivatives represented USD $ 5,764.6 million, the flowers roughly USD $ 6,000 million, the banana USD $ 1,160 million and confections USD $ 832.7 million.

María Claudia Lacouture famous that presently 70% of imports from the USA correspond to merchandise that aren’t produced in Colombia, so it’s a complementary strategy of our business and to which a nasty end result can’t be attributed to the FTA.

In recent times, the USA has been the pr incipal international investor in Colombia. The funding quantities to Colombia have been round US $ 2,000 million, a mean of 16% of the entire International Direct Funding that the nation receives, "stated the director of AmCham Colombia.


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