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Underwater Fortress Discovered Under Turkish Lake | National Geographic ctm magazine



Deep within Turkey’s biggest lake, archaeologists made a fascinating discovery. A 3,000-year-old fortress was found during an underwater excavation of Lake Van.
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The fortress likely comes from the Urartu civilization. The water level of Lake Van was hundreds of meters lower during the Urartian occupation of the lake. As the water level of the lake rose, the fortress was all but forgotten…until now!

Read more about the discovery:
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/11/underwater-fortress-urartu-lake-van-turkey-archaeology-video-spd/

Underwater Fortress Discovered Under Turkish Lake | National Geographic

National Geographic
https://www.youtube.com/natgeo

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49 Comments

  • Zom Bee Nature on November 19, 2017

    Partial thoughts
    Everyone, please watch my little nature videos. There is no talking in them. Shhh!

  • Induxions on November 19, 2017

    I like how after 2,000 years one guy had the idea of " hey we should see what's in the lake" . It's 2017 and finding these ruins until now makes me feel stupider than before as a species.

  • B uppy on November 19, 2017

    Turkey is such an interesting place historically. The buildings and the lost cities and such. So much of it is truly unique.
    If the country becomes more stable, it would be neat to visit there.

  • Rakesh krr on November 19, 2017

    what about dwarka underwater city make video on that too

  • Garage Built Hondas on November 20, 2017

    Its truly amazing at how little we know what's under all the water in the world.

  • Ryvucz on November 20, 2017

    This is the kind of content I like to see Nat Geo.

  • Mavis V on November 20, 2017

    Here befor it’s Goes virial

  • Pawsup on November 20, 2017

    Please change your ending music theme is so annoying and makes my ears bleed

  • james pisano on November 20, 2017

    Wild! Let's hear more about it!

  • Eu, a Rainha e 3 princesas. on November 20, 2017

    🙂

  • DutchTurkish on November 20, 2017

    GOD BLESS TURKIYE C*

  • Gillan Laureth of Seles on November 20, 2017

    Some details would be nice, NG. It's cool to know it exists but knowing some history on it would be even more nice.

  • DANGEROUS DARREL on November 20, 2017

    tldw: bricks underwater

  • Turkish Wolf on November 20, 2017

    Van Gölü Van Sea

  • 69! Solo on November 20, 2017

    Where is the fortress though?

  • Paul Mathew on November 20, 2017

    Where is the underwater turkey? Attack of the mutated Aquaturkey

  • Büşra Silahçı on November 20, 2017

    Hişşt. It's just a video, not a place for discussion. PLEASE !!

  • Wow amazing discovery!

  • Hellfirejuddy on November 22, 2017

    Does anyone know the reality of how/why the lake levels rose?

  • Michael Pierce on November 22, 2017

    Are you guys calling it a fortress just because its made of stone?

  • Kristov818 on November 23, 2017

    Armenian fortress stolen during the Armenian genocide, Urartians were proto-Armenians

  • Incognito on November 23, 2017

    3,000 years! And yet superior to anything that the Turks have created.

  • Bruce Beck on November 24, 2017

    Please track id ?? so good song <3

  • Паша Науменко on November 24, 2017

    ни о чем

  • Gabex Videos on November 26, 2017

    That means that every generation we are going to be more under water

  • Sona K on November 29, 2017

    Van was established in first half of IX century B.C. In ancient period it was known as "Tushpa". Armenians called that city "Van". It came from the word Biayna (which was the central region of Urartian kingdom). In Armenian the meaning of Van is "a place of living", "settlement". Therefore other Armenian cities which were established later had in the end of their names the word "Van" (Ervand-a-van, Arshak-a-van, Zareh-a-van, Nakhch-a-van, Vane-van, etc).
    Van also was known as Shamiramakert (kert in Armenian – build) or Shamiramashen (shen in Armenian also – build). It was the name of Assyrian Queen Shamiram. There is an epic legend about Armenian king (epic hero) Ara the Handsome and Shamiram.

    Van's location on the mapTushpa-Van was located on the left side of Lake Van, several kilometers far from the lake's shore. The territory of the city had been inhabited from the ancient times.

    Van was the capital of the Urartian kingdom (during 9th-7th centuries B.C.). It was located nearly in the middle of the Urartian kingdom.Urartu Kingdom map Tushpa-Van

    Van's castle (fortress, citadel) was built on the hilltop which was located in the center of the ancient city.

    As there wasn't enough water for drink and farming near the Van Urartian king Menua built a canal (80km long). Canal also known as Shamiram's canal.

    Van lost its importance after fall of the Urartian Kingdom (585 B.C.) when Median army captured the city.

    New rising of the city began during the period of existence of Artashesyan (Araxiad) Kingdom.

    During I-VII A.D Van didn't lost its importance. But after Arabian invasion Van became a little feudal city.

    Van started to raise during IX-XIII. Van especially bloomed when it became the capital of Vaspurakan (Armenian) Kingdom (during X-XI). But after XIII century Van's growth stopped. During several ages Van several times was captured Ruins of Armenian Church in Vanby invaders and at least became under the control of Ottoman Empire.

    In 1805-1806 Van's population was over 15.000-20.000. Overwhelming majority were Armenians. By the end of 19th century from 40.000 Van's population Armenians were over 25.000. Almost the same number of population Van had at the beginning of Armenian Genocide. Van had 12 Armenian churches.

    Van is one of the most ancient cities, which exists till our days. But after 1915-1918 (Armenian GENOCIDE and I World War), native population of the city, Armenians, were massacred (by young Turks) or emigrated to Eastern Armenia and Persia to save their lives.

  • Middle East Armenia on November 30, 2017

    Archaeologists say Armenia is the only modern nation that exists from the map of Babylonia, and Armenia was written "Urartu", the Bible and Ancient Persians mentioned passing the land of Armenia. Isaiah 37:38 "And it Came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, … they escaped to the land of Armenia…" In 522 BC Babylon described us Armenians rebelling and Nobidus a Armenian Claiming to be the son of the king of Babylon. Another little info is that we still use the same names back before 2492 BC like Hayk, Aram, Armen, Ara, Ashot, etc. So the Urartu Kingdom is proudly Armenia to us Armenians. Especially since Urartu began 860 BC and Armenia was already there in 2492 BC so it would makes no sense to not call them ancient Armenians.

  • Herbert Vargas on December 8, 2017

    Cual es el nombre de la canción de fondo del vídeo? Es raro que no lo hayan mencionado

  • Irina Melik on January 13, 2018

    The Shalmaneser text uses the name Urartu to refer to a geographical region, not a kingdom, and names eight “lands” contained within Urartu ( which at the time of the campaign were still disunited ) . “Urartu” is cognate with the Biblical “Ararat,” Akkadian “Urashtu,” and Armenian “Ararat.” The kingdom rose to power in the mid-9th century BC, but was conquered by Media in the early 6th century BC. The heirs of Urartu are the Armenians and their successive kingdoms. Though there is no written evidence of any other language being spoken in this kingdom, it is argued on linguistic evidence that Proto-Armenian came in contact with Urartian at an early date. In the early 6th century BC, the Urartian Kingdom was replaced by the Armenian Orontid dynasty. In the trilingual Behistun inscription, carved in 521 or 520 BC by the order of Darius the Great of Persia, the country referred to as Urartu in Assyrian is called Arminiya in Old Persian and Harminuia in Elamite.

  • theobjectform on April 7, 2018

    a fascinating example of how amature and immature NG research is; the remains are dated ti the mid. ages and are documented since about a century now. Funny. Also there wasn't an archeologist with the discocery team.

  • Shanetta White on September 27, 2018

    Thats not a lake people its deeper then that don't u Think I mean sense it has a hole church under it I wouldn't call it a lake anymore There's a hole another world under or feet we just have to discover it is all

  • BananaRepublicUSA KangarooCourts on November 20, 2018

    It was not archaeologists that found this castle. It was monster Hunter’s. They had been searching for a monster that has said to have been hunting the lake for years.

  • Sally Hildreth on June 11, 2019

    What? I was reading a story about the castle found in the lake. Saw NG did a video about it cool. 1 min and 18 seconds. Really??

  • Mr Peperoni on August 1, 2019

    VAN was Armenien land

  • Tutobay on September 21, 2019

    thats Armenian fortress

  • ArmenianKingdom on March 5, 2020

    Armenia; Noah's city.

  • Dan Aster on March 6, 2020

    Am sure Armenian built in the Urartu era! Another Armenian treasure lost!

  • Arman S on April 18, 2020

    Van is Armenian not Turkish. The fortress is from Armenian Kingdom of Urartu.

  • Cagatay Berkay on May 2, 2020

    Watch out Lake Van Monster!

  • Fighter Jet 1 Yt on May 13, 2020

    This isn’t Turkish this is my people artifact

  • mahalaleel forever on July 12, 2020

    Seems to me a world wide flood took place at one time!

  • Liberal Sosyalist Türk on August 5, 2020

    armenian lake

  • Aram Hovhannisyan on October 26, 2020

    Urartu Armenian kingdom Hayassa proof that Van is Armenia 🇦🇲

  • Aram Hovhannisyan on October 26, 2020

    Armenian treasure Lake Van 🇦🇲

  • karine K on February 3, 2021

    Kingdom of Van Armenia  "URARTU"/ "ARARAT" kingdom rose into power 9th century BC, Turkey stoped the Filming and further exploration of Van very well knowing that it is Armenian Kingdom URARTU, as they have stoped exploration of Mount.ARARAT. Turkeys Government tries very hard to rewrite History but unfortunately you can not hide evidence. The first map of the world has Armenia on there, Armenians have been one of the oldest civilization on earth. Turkey kills, and steals,Greek, Assyrian, and Armenian history and culture as its own.

  • Sara on March 21, 2021

    Van belonged to Christian Assyrians and Armenians since they have lived there more than 4000 years ago. It was a part of the Assyrian empire (Mesopotamia) but the Ottomans Holocaust and massacre of the Christian assyrians and Armenians in 1915 killed hundreds of thousands and many was forced to flee their land/ immigrate or die.
    My Assyrian great grandparents was lucky to flee to Mosul with their families. Still to the day today I identify as my tribe to be from the area of Van in modern day turkey. That area would have been full of Assyrians and Armenians today if they were not killed and forced to flee, because it is their land.
    So to say that the land belongs to Muslims turkey is wrong in many ways because historically Christian Assyrians and Armenian have lived there for thousands of years.

  • frawldog on June 5, 2021

    🦃 👎

  • xatar kurd on December 26, 2021

    My beatifull Kurdistan. One of nicest cities of Kurdistan ❤️

  • beandog100 on January 2, 2022

    It has been suggested that this is the Bronze Age city of Hanzat (In the Iron Age Enzite to the Assyrians). These remains may well be from much later periods though.

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